Fearing an outbreak of war and revenge from the family of the Banu Haashim, the disbelievers of Makkah could not martyr the Holy Nabi صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم but they started causing him severe harm and pain in various ways. They launched a major propaganda campaign against him, calling him to be a fortune-teller, wizard, poet and insane. Mischievous boys would follow him about on pathways, shouting at him, calling him names, throwing stones at him and calling out ‘he is not sane’ ‘he is not sane’. Sometimes, the disbelievers of Makkah would throw thorny bushes on his way; at times, they would throw filth at him; sometimes, they would shove him and, at times, they would try to strangle1 him with a shawl.
It is narrated that he صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم was once offering Salah in the Haram of the Ka’bah when a stone-hearted disbeliever, ‘Uqbah Bin Abi Mu’eet, put a shawl around his blessed neck and tried to strangle him. He صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم felt suffocated. Seeing it, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ came running, anxious. Pushing ‘Uqbah Bin Abi Mu’eet away, he said, ‘You people want to kill the person who says that his Lord is Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ.’ Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddeeq رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ and the disbelievers pushed and shoved each other and beat each other.2
Observing the miracles and spiritual powers of the Greatest and Noblest Nabi صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم , disbelievers began to call him the greatest wizard [i.e. magician]. When he صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم recited the Holy Quran, the disbelievers would swear at the Quran, at the one conveying to him the Quran (i.e. Jibra`eel), at the One revealing the Quran (i.e. Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ) and at him. They would keep a watch in streets and would prevent people from hearing the recitation of the Holy Quran by clapping and whistling. When he صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم recited the Holy Quran in public gatherings or in the fairs of disbelievers or invited them to Islam, Abu Lahab, his paternal uncle, would follow him about, calling out, ‘O people! He is my nephew and is a liar. He has become insane. Do not listen to him’, مَعَاذَ اللّٰە.
He صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم once went to the market of ‘Zul-Majaaz’ [ذُو المَجَاز] in order to preach Islam, calling people to the true religion. Abu Jahl was throwing dust at him, saying, ‘O people! Do not let him deceive you. He wants you to give up worshipping Laat and Uzza.’3
Similarly, he صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم was once offering Salah in the Haram of the Ka’bah. Seeing this, Abu Jahl said, ‘Is there anyone who can bring the guts of the camel slaughtered by family so-and-so and place it on his shoulders when he performs Sajdah?’ Listening to it, a disbeliever ‘Uqbah Bin Abi Mu’eet brought the guts and placed it on the blessed shoulders of the Holy Nabi صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم . He was in the state of Sajdah with the guts lying on his blessed neck. The disbelievers were hooting with laughter, falling on each other. At last, Sayyidatuna Fatimah رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا who was a child at that time came and removed the guts from his blessed shoulders, speaking ill of the disbelievers. He صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم was deeply saddened by this heinous4 act of the disbelievers. After he صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم finished Salah, he prayed to Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ three times‘اَللّٰھُمَّ عَلَیكَ بِقُرَیشٍ’i.e., O Allah! Punish the Quraysh. Mentioning the names of Abu Jahl, ‘Utbah Bin Rabee’ah, Shaybah Bin Rabee’ah, Waleed Bin ‘Utbah, Umayyah Bin Khalaf and ‘Ammarah Bin Waleed, he صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم prayed to Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ to punish them.
Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Bin Mas’ood رَضِىَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَـنْهُ stated: By Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ! I saw that the corpses of all of these disbelievers were lying on the ground on the day of the battle of Badr. The corpses of all of these disbelievers were dragged and thrown into a pit in Badr in utter disgrace. The Revered and Renowned Rasool صَلَّی اللّٰہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَاٰلِہٖ وَسَلَّم then said, ‘These people of the pit have been cursed by Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ5’.